1 the overhead upper surface of a room; "he hated painting the ceiling"
2 (meteorology) altitude of the lowest layer of clouds
3 an upper limit on what is allowed; "they established a cap for prices" [syn: cap]
4 maximum altitude at which a plane can fly (under specified conditions)
EtymologyFrom French ciel, heaven
- Rhymes: -iːlɪŋ
Nounceiling (plural: ceilings)
- The upper limit of an object or action.
- price ceilings
- The plane or planes that bound the upper limit of a room.
- the dining room had an ornate ceiling
- The highest altitude at which an aircraft may fly.
- The smallest integer
greater than or equal to a given number.
- the ceiling of 4.5 is 5
highest portion of room
- Bosnian: plafon
- Czech: strop
- Dutch: plafond
- Finnish: katto, sisäkatto
- French: plafond
- German: Decke
- Greek: οροφή (orofí) , ταβάνι (taváni)
- Hindi: छत (ćhat)
- Indonesian: langit-langit
- Japanese: 天井 (てんじょう, tenjō)
- Polish: sufit
- Portuguese: teto
- Russian: потолок (potolók)
- Slovene: strop
- Spanish: techo
- Swedish: tak
- Turkish: tavan
A ceiling is an overhead interior surface that bounds the upper limit of a room. It is generally not a structural element, but a finished surface concealing the underside of the floor or roof structure above.
A cathedral ceiling is any tall ceiling area similar to those in a church.
A dropped ceiling is one in which the finished surface is constructed anywhere from a few inches to several feet below the structure above it. This may be done for aesthetic purposes, such as achieving a desirable ceiling height; or practical purposes such as providing a space for HVAC or piping. An inverse of this would be a raised floor.
A concave or barrel shaped ceiling is curved or rounded, usually for visual or acoustical value, while a coffered ceiling is divided into a grid of recessed square or octagonal panels, also called a lacunar ceiling.
Ceilings have frequently been decorated with fresco painting, mosaic tiles and other surface treatments. Many historic buildings have celebrated ceilings, perhaps the most famous is the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo.
- In Aviation the word ceiling is used to describe the height of clouds covering more than half the sky, (see also: flight ceiling).
- In economics, the word "ceiling" is used to describe a governmentally-mandated upper limit. Examples include the ceiling on gasoline prices set by the Venezuelan government or the ceiling on Savings and Loan interest rates formerly set by the United States government.
ceiling in Arabic: سقف
ceiling in Czech: Strop
ceiling in German: Decke (Bauteil)
ceiling in Esperanto: Plafono (arkitekturo)
ceiling in French: Plafond (architecture)
ceiling in Hebrew: תקרה
ceiling in Dutch: Plafond (bouw)
ceiling in Dutch Low Saxon: Plefon
ceiling in Japanese: 天井
ceiling in Polish: Sufit
ceiling in Portuguese: Tecto
ceiling in Russian: Перекрытие
ceiling in Simple English: Ceiling
ceiling in Swedish: Innertak
ceiling in Ukrainian: Перекриття
ceiling in Chinese: 天花板
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